Phases and Procedures of Construction
Planning: One of the most important phases of pool construction is proper planning. Consideration must be given to details such as yard elevations, the size, shape, and depth of the pool, location, and the various types of materials that may be used. Other items such as landscape details, financing options and the time required to build should also be discussed. Once you are comfortable with your options, we will obtain the necessary permits to begin work.
Excavation: Prior to the day of excavation, we will paint the outline of the pool and decking to insure proper placement. Then on the day of excavation, we will remove fence panels to obtain access, take out any concrete or landscaping that is to be removed, and level the yard so that form boards and the pool elevation can be set. From this point, the dirt is removed from the site and gravel is brought in to cover the floor of the pool. The mold is now ready for steel reinforcement.
Steel: The beam, walls, and floor of your gunite pool are strengthened with steel bars. The beam has 4-#4 (1/2) bars to provide extra support in this high stress area. The walls and floor are also tied with #4 (1/2) steel placed on 10 centers. Then we add additional support to lower walls and transitional slopes by placing œ steel every 5 on center. Deck dowels are also added at this time to help reinforce the deck steel.
Plumbing: With the steel framework in place, we are ready to add your plumbing fixtures. Waterscapes uses skimmers and pool safety drains which are individually plumbed. With the use of diverter valves, you will have total control of how the water is carried to the equipment, and how it will return to the pool. Correct line sizing is vital to obtaining proper flow and circulation. Every pool we build is designed so that it the maximum hydraulic efficiency is maintained.
Gunite: The concrete that forms your pool is called gunite. Gunite is a mixture of cement and sand that is blown in or shot in place. After the gunite is applied, we set up a watering system to help the concrete cure and to prevent de-hydration of the shell. With walls, benches, and steps in place, its now starting to resemble a pool!
Coping: In this phase, our masons will install the tile and coping materials that you have selected . Tile and water feature areas are first sealed to prevent water migration. Then careful attention is given to the joints and cuts that are made in the materials as they are mortared into place.
Decking: Waterscapes uses the following procedures to ensure the highest quality and durability of your decking areas. We will set up an underground drainage system which will take water from designated gutters, deck and flower bed areas and route it to the lower elevations of the yard. Then the deck crews will clean and level the deck area, and set the forms for the concrete. Then cushion sand is spread and a vibratory compactor is used to pack and level the surface. The steel for the deck is #3(3/8) which is placed on 12 centers. A final check to ensure plumbing lines are holding the correct pressure, and the deck is ready to pour. Expansion joints are placed to allow ground movement and to help minimize unsightly cracks.
Electrical: The connections for pumps, time clocks, and heaters are all made by our licensed electricians. GFCI outlets, lighted equipment areas, and freeze protection devices are all included.
Clean-up: At this phase we bring in crews to remove any remaining construction debris from the job site. Any additional drain work, sprinkler repair or grading will be done at this time. The sections of fence that were removed will now be put back in place and the pool is cleaned in preparation for plaster.
Plaster: For the interior finish of the pool, typically a mixture of white portland cement and marble dust is applied over the gunite shell. This material helps to seal the gunite while giving the floor and walls a smooth finish. Optional colored or aggregate finishes are also available.
Service: After the pool is full, our crews will start-up the pool equipment and make sure everything is operating properly. Then for the next two weeks our service department will brush the walls and floor to help the plaster in its cure cycle and make the necessary adjustments to properly balance the water. Then we will instruct you with cleaning and maintenance operations as well as equipment settings.